Looking At The Major Health Problems
During our lives we may encounter various health issues which may have a dramatic effect on our lives and the lives of those around us.
The following health issues are the ten major health issues that affect people today and they therefore should be your biggest concern.
The good news is that we can make positive changes to our lives to reduce the chances of being a victim to these health issues.
Herbal products have many benefits and can assist your body to counter the onset and effects of many of the major health problems affecting our country today.
Understand The Ten Major Health Problems
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Type 2 Diabetes
Sepsis (Blood Poisoning)
Cardiovascular Disease remains the number one in our list of major health problems as it alone kills more people than anything else today.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 29 percent of deaths each year are caused by Cardiovascular Diseases, posting 31.5% of the death rate for women and 26.8 percent for men.
Cardiovascular Disease affects about 14 million men and women in the United States alone!
Common risk factors include smoking, hypertension, high cholesterol, diabetes, heredity, peripheral artery disease, and obesity. Lack of exercise, high-fat diet and emotional stress trigger the disease.
Symptoms of Cardiovascular Diseases include chest pain, shortness of breath, jaw pain, dizziness, nausea, abdominal pain, irregular heartbeat and back pain.
Common types of Cardiovascular Disease include:
Coronary Artery Disease (Coronary Heart Disease) is a condition in which plaque (made up of fat, cholesterol calcium, and other substances in the blood) builds up inside the coronary arteries. These arteries supply your heart muscle with oxygen-rich blood.
Abnormal Heart Rhythms (Arrythmias) is a disorder of your heart rate (pulse) or heart rhythm, such as beating too fast (tachycardia), too slow (bradycardia), or irregularly.
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) is a condition in which your heart’s ability to pump oxygen rich blood is inadequate to meet your body’s needs. This is caused by diseases that weaken or stiffen your heart muscles and by diseases that increase oxygen demand of body tissues more than the heart can deliver.
Heart Valve Disease is an ailment in which one or more of the four heart valves (tricuspid, pulmonary, mitral, and aortic) don’t work properly. The valves have tissue flaps that open and close with each heartbeat to ensure blood flows in the right direction through your heart’s four chambers and to the rest of your body.
Congenital Heart Disease is a type of defect or malformation in one or more structures of the heart or blood vessels that occurs before birth due to genetic abnormalities, medications taken during pregnancy, and maternal viral infection. Symptoms of this disease may be seen at birth, during childhood, and sometimes not until adulthood. About 500,000 adults in the U.S. suffer from it and 8-10 out of every 1,000 children the world is affected by it.
Heart Muscle Disease (Cardiomyopathy) refers to weakening of the heart muscle or a change in heart muscle structure. It is often associated with inadequate heart pumping or other heart function problems.
Pericardial Disease affects the pericardium, which is the flexible two-layered sac that envelops the heart.
Cancer causes over 12% of deaths in the World today.
Cancer is also called malignancy and is characterized by an abnormal growth of cells. There are more than 100 types of cancer, including Breast Cancer, Skin Cancer, Lung Cancer, Colon Cancer, Prostate Cancer, and Lymphoma.
Symptoms vary widely based on the type of Cancer but the seven most common warning signs of Cancer include change in bowel or bladder habits, sores that do not heal, unusual bleeding or discharge, thickening or lump in the breast, testicles, or elsewhere, indigestion or difficulty swallowing, chronic pain in bones or other areas of the body, and nagging cough or hoarseness.
Causes of Cancer may include increased genetic susceptibility, underlying infectious disease, chemical exposure, lifestyle factors including diet, smoking, excessive alcohol intake, and lack of sleep.
Stroke is brain damage caused by a blocked blood vessel or bleeding in the brain.
Symptoms of stroke include weakness, numbness, imbalance, confusion, blurred vision and often slurred speech.
Stroke is caused by a blood clot that blocks blood flow to the brain (ischemic stroke) or bleeding inside the brain (hemorrhagic stroke) which could have resulted from hardening of arteries, certain heart valve problems, inflammation of blood vessels, low blood pressure, head or neck injuries, and surgeries or other clinical procedures.
In the America about 795,000 people suffer a stroke each year. About 600,000 of these are first attacks and 185,000 are recurrent attacks.
Reports show that 15 million people suffer strokes each year and of these 5 million will die and the same amount are permanently disabled.
Nearly 65% of all strokes will occur to people over the age of 65. The risk of having a stroke more than doubles each decade after the age of 55.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
COPD is a lung disease that makes it hard to breathe.
It is caused by damage to the lungs over many years usually from a long-term smoking habit.
COPD is often a mix of Chronic Bronchitis (bronchial tubes get inflamed and develop substantial mucus that block the airways) and Emphysema (air sacs are damaged, lose their elasticity or stretch so less air gets in and out of lungs).
Aside from smoking, breathing second-hand smoke (passive smoking), chemical fumes, dust, and air pollution increase risk factors for COPD.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) 75% of deaths from COPD that occur in developed countries are directly related to smoking tobacco.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a disease that is more common in people older than 60.
Symptoms include long-lasting coughing, mucus from coughing, and shortness of breath, especially occurring when you’re engaged in a physical activity such as exercise.
There are about 210 million people in the world who suffer from COPD and over 16 million Americans suffer from this disease.
Alzheimer’s Disease is the most common type of dementia affecting about 1% of people in their 60s, 20% of those over 85 years, and 30% of those over 90-years old.
Over 26 million people in the world suffer from Alzheimer’s Disease and the number is expected to double by 2050.
Factors that may increase the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease include genetics, age, hormonal imbalance, menopause, environmental toxins, autoimmune disorder, and chemical deficiencies.
Symptoms include short-term memory loss, language problems, changes in personality, disorientation and confusion, lack of hygiene and often results in some odd behaviour.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes (Non-insulin dependent Diabetes) is a condition in which a person has a high blood sugar (glucose) level as a result of the body either not producing enough insulin, or because body cells do not properly respond to the insulin that is produced.
Type 2 Diabetes is the most common form of Diabetes resulting from insulin resistance with an estimated 150 million adult’s worldwide suffering from Diabetes and 95% of these people suffering from Type 2 Diabetes.
This is expected to increase to an estimated 285 million people or 6.4% of the World’s adult population suffering from Diabetes by the end of this year.
Dehydration, diabetic coma, and damage of nerves and small blood vessels of the eyes, kidneys and heart are associated with this disease.
Symptoms include increased thirst, increased hunger, dry mouth, nausea and vomiting, fatigue, frequent urination, blurred vision, numbness, and frequent skin and urinary tract infection. Type 2 Diabetes also has a strong genetic link.
Other risk factors include high fat diet, high alcohol intake, obesity or being overweight, and high-blood pressure.
Influenza (Flu) is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza A or B viruses and is more prevalent in Winter and early Spring.
The flu virus attacks the body by spreading through the upper and/or lower respiratory tract and it can cause serious health problems such as ear infections, dehydration, sinusitis (sinus infections), bronchitis, pneumonia and in very serious cases it can even lead to fatal complications such as congestive heart failure, asthma, and diabetes.
Approximately 12% of Americans contract the flu annually.
More than 200,000 Americans are hospitalized for flu complications, and of these people over 30,000 would be expected die of flu-related problems each year.
Symptoms of Flu include fever, headache, extreme tiredness, cough, difficult and rapid breathing, chest pain, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, body aches, diarrhoea and vomiting.
Over 1 million people in the world commit suicide every year and over 30,000 of these will be Americans.
Suicide is the third leading cause of death for younger people ages 15 to 24 and the second leading cause for people aged 25 to 34.
Suicide is often preceded by feelings of hopelessness, helplessness, and unworthiness caused by immobility or inability to solve a problem leading to a sense of personal failure.
Risk factors for suicide include alcoholism, drug addiction, severe anxiety, depression and other mental health problems such as bipolar disorder (manic-depressive illness) and Schizoprenia (a psychiatric illness accompanied by hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and disorganised thinking.
Your kidneys have a number of life-sustaining roles.
They are responsible for removal of waste by-products and excess fluids from the body, balance water and concentration of minerals in the body, and production of renin (an enzyme that helps regulate blood pressure), erythropoietin (which stimulates red blood cell generation), and an active form of Vitamin D for bone health.
More than 500 million people worldwide have Chronic Kidney Disease or CKD (kidney damage and decreased function lasting longer than 3 months) of which 10 percent are adults.
Millions more people will die prematurely each year form cardiovascular disease complications linked to Chronic Kidney Disease.
Damaged kidneys (generally as a result of diabetes and high blood pressure) manifest the following symptoms: swelling of hands and feet, shortness of breath, and urination problems.
Factors that trigger it include abnormal electrolyte concentrations (sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium), dehydration, trauma, and improper diet. Acidfying diet (diet rich in proteins, carbohydrates, sugars, saturated fats), excessive phosphorus and sodium intake, potassium deficiency contribute to the progression of kidney diseases.
Acute Kidney Failure is the loss of kidney functions which can be caused by traumatic injury with blood loss, sudden reduction of blood flow to the kidneys, severe infection called Sepsis (blood poisoning), and effects of certain drugs and toxins.
Sepsis (Blood Poisoning)
Sepsis is a serious infection caused by bacteria, viruses, and fungi.
Infections in the lungs (pneumonia), bladder and kidneys (urinary tract infections), skin (cellulitis), abdomen (such as appendicitis), and even infections developed after surgeries can lead to Sepsis. The infecting agents or their toxins spread directly or indirectly into the bloodstream.
Symptoms of this disease include elevated heart rate (more than 90 beats per minute at rest), body temperature either too high (greater than 100.4 ºF or 38 ºC) or too low (less than 96.8 ºF or 36 ºC), increased respiratory rate (greater than 20 breaths per minute), and abnormal white blood cell count (less than 12000 cells/µL).
People who are taking steroids and immunosuppressive medications like transplant recipients, and who are undergoing chemotherapy drugs or radiation face higher risks of developing Sepsis.
About 1,400 people worldwide die from Sepsis everyday and about 1.5 million people in the world suffer from it annually.